Generally speaking, there are four types of alimony.
Rehabilitative Alimony: Support offered into a lesser-earning spouse for a period of time required to get work outside the dwelling and become self-sufficient.
Temporary Alimony: When the bashes are separated ahead of divorce support ordered.
Permanent Alimony: Support compensated to the lesser-earning spouse until the departure of the payor, the departure of the receiver, or the re-marriage of the recipient.
Compensation Alimony: Support provided as a compensation for disbursement incurred by a partner during the wedding (like academic expenses).
|Length of the marriage or civil union||Generally alimony lasts for a term or period, that will be longer if the marriage or civil union lasted longer. A marriage or civil union of over 10 years is often a candidate for permanent alimony.|
|Time separated while still married||In some U.S. states, separation is a triggering event, recognized as the end of the term of the marriage. Other U.S. states do not recognize separation or legal separation. In a state not recognizing separation, a 2-year marriage followed by an 8-year separation will generally be treated like a 10-year marriage.|
|Age of the parties at the time of the divorce||Generally more youthful spouses are considered to be more able to ‘get on’ with their lives, and therefore thought to require shorter periods of support.|
|Relative income of the parties||In U.S. states that recognize a right of the spouses to live ‘according to the means to which they have become accustomed’, alimony attempts to adjust the incomes of the spouses so that they are able to approximate, as best possible, their prior lifestyle.|
|Future financial prospects of the parties||A spouse who is going to realize significant income in the future is likely to have to pay higher alimony than one who is not.|
|Health of the parties||Poor health goes towards need, and potentially an inability to support oneself. The courts do not want to leave one party indigent.|
|Fault in marital breakdown||In U.S. states where fault is recognized, fault can significantly affect alimony, increasing, reducing or even nullifying it. Many U.S. states are ‘no-fault’ states, where one does not have to show fault to get divorced. No-fault divorce spares the spouses the acrimony of the ‘fault’ processes, and closes the eyes of the court to any and all improper spousal behavior. However, in Georgia a person who has an affair that causes the divorce is not entitled to alimony.|
|Gender of the recipient||In general, females may be more likely to be granted alimony than males because, historically, males made more money than females, partly due to having had fewer gaps in employment.|
Alimony Reform in the United States
In the USA family regulations and precedents as they relate with divorce, community property and alimony vary predicated on state law. Also, with new family models, “working couples”, “working wives”, “stay-at home fathers”, etc. there are situations where some parties to a divorce issue whether conventional economical allotments made in a divorcement are reasonable and equitable to the facts of their individual case. Some groups have proposed various kinds of laws to reform alimony parameters (i.e. sums and duration). Alimony terms are on the list of most common dilemmas causing judicial proceedings in family law cases. Eighty percent of divorce cases entail a request for alteration of alimony.