What is a legal document?
According to the dictionary, a legal document is a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right. It is synonymous with a legal instrument, official document, instrument document, papers, written document or writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature).
What are some common legal documents?
articles of incorporation – a legal document that creates a corporation; it is filed with a state by the founders of a corporation and is governed by the laws of the state
derivative instrument, derivative – a financial instrument whose value is based on another security
negotiable instrument – an unconditional order or promise to pay an amount of money
passport – a document issued by a country to a citizen allowing that person to travel abroad and re-enter the home country
ship’s papers – official papers which a ship is legally required to have; related to ownership, cargo, etc.
manifest – a customs document listing the contents put on a ship or plane
debenture – a certificate or voucher acknowledging a debt
power of attorney – a legal instrument authorizing someone to act as the grantor’s agent
letters of administration – legal document naming someone to administer an estate when no executor has been named
letters testamentary – a legal document from a probate court or court officer informing you of your appointment as executor of a will and empowering you to discharge those responsibilities
work papers, work permit, working papers – a legal document giving information required for employment of certain people in certain countries
act, enactment – a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body
law – legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity; “there is a law against kidnapping”
bill, measure – a statute in draft before it becomes law; “they held a public hearing on the bill”
brief, legal brief – a document stating the facts and points of law of a client’s case testament, will – a legal document declaring a person’s wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
living will – a document written by someone still legally capable requesting that he should be allowed to die if subsequently severely disabled or suffering terminal illness; “after he discovered he had AIDS he drew up a living will”
deed, deed of conveyance, title – a legal document signed and sealed and delivered to effect a transfer of property and to show the legal right to possess it; “he signed the deed”; “he kept the title to his car in the glove compartment”
assignment – the instrument by which a claim or right or interest or property is transferred from one person to another
deed of trust, trust deed – a written instrument legally conveying property to a trustee often used to secure an obligation such as a mortgage or promissory note
conveyance – document effecting a property transfer
income tax return, return, tax return – document giving the tax collector information about the taxpayer’s tax liability; “his gross income was enough that he had to file a tax return”
license, permit, licence – a legal document giving official permission to do something
letters patent, patent – an official document granting a right or privilege
judgement, legal opinion, opinion, judgment – the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; “opinions are usually written by a single judge”
acquittance, release – a legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation judicial writ, writ – (law) a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer
authorisation, authorization, mandate – a document giving an official instruction or command
affidavit – written declaration made under oath; a written statement sworn to be true before someone legally authorized to administer an oath
written agreement – a legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
bill of indictment, indictment – a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense
impeachment – a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
arraignment – a legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment law, jurisprudence – the collection of rules imposed by authority; “civilization presupposes respect for the law”; “the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order”
Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, New Hampshire to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the northwest and New Brunswick to the northeast. Maine is both the northernmost and easternmost portion of New England. It is known for its scenery—its jagged, mostly rocky coastline, its low, rolling mountains, its heavily forested interior and picturesque waterways—as well as for its seafood cuisine, especially lobsters and clams.
For thousands of years, indigenous peoples were the only inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine. At the time of European encounter, several Algonquian-speaking peoples inhabited the area. The first European settlement in Maine was by the French in 1604 on Saint Croix Island, by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons. The first English settlement in Maine, the short-lived Popham Colony, was established by the Plymouth Company in 1607. A number of English settlements were established along the coast of Maine in the 1620s, although the rugged climate, deprivations, and conflict with the local peoples caused many to fail over the years. As Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen European settlements survived. Patriot and British forces contended for Maine’s territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. Maine was part of Massachusetts until 1820, when it became the 23rd state on March 15 under the Missouri Compromise. Maine is the 39th most extensive and the 41st most populous of the 50 United States.