DUI Illinois

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Driving under the influence (DUI), driving while intoxicated (DWI), drunken driving, drunk driving, drink driving, operating under the effect, drinking and driving, or impaired driving is the act of driving a motor vehicle with blood amounts of alcohol in excess of a legal limitation (“Blood Alcohol Content”, or “BAC”). Regulations that are similar cover controlling or driving particular kinds of machinery while influenced by drinking alcohol or taking other drugs, including, but not limited to prescription drugs. This can be a criminal violation in many countries. Convictions do not always involve real driving.

In many jurisdictions a measurement such as a blood alcohol content (BAC) in excess of a specific threshold level, for example 0.05% or 0.08% defines the violation, with no need to show impairment or being under the influence of booze. In some authorities, there’s an aggravated kind of the offense at a higher level e.g. 0.12%. In many countries, anyone who is convicted of killing or injuring someone while under the influence of alcohol or drugs can be heavily fined, as in France, as well as being granted a long prison sentence. Some jobs have their own rules and BAC limitations, for example commercial pilot, and the Federal Railroad Administration has a 0.04% limit for train crew. The California BAC limit is 0.01% for those younger than 21 years of age and those on probation for a previous DUI conviction.

Many states in the U.S. and provinces in Canada have adopted truth in sentencing laws that apply strict guidelines on sentencing, differing from previous practice where penitentiary time was reduced or suspended after sentencing had been issued. Some authorities have judicial guidelines requiring a mandatory minimum term.

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