In general, there are four types of alimony.
Temporary Alimony: Support ordered when the parties are distinguished prior to divorce.
Rehabilitative Alimony: Support given to a lesser-earning partner for a period of time necessary to get work outside the house and become self sufficient.
Permanent Alimony: Support paid to the lesser-earning partner until the remarriage of the recipient, or the departure of the payor, the departure of the receiver.
Reimbursement Alimony: Support given as a compensation for expenses incurred by a partner (like educational expenses).
A few of the possible factors that bear on duration and the amount of the support are:
Length of the marriage or civil union – Normally alimony continues for period or a duration, that may be more if the marriage or civil union lasted longer. Civil union or a marriage of over 10 years is frequently a candidate for permanent alimony.
Time divided while still married – In some U.S. states, separation is a triggering event, acknowledged as the conclusion of the period of the union. Other U.S. states don’t acknowledge separation or legal separation. In a state not recognizing separation, a 2-year marriage followed by an 8 -year separation will normally be treated like a 10-year union.
Age of the parties at time of the divorce – Normally more youthful spouses are considered to be more able to ‘get on’ with their lives, and consequently believed to require shorter periods of support.
Relative income of the parties In U.S. states that recognize a right of the spouses to live ‘according to the means to which they have become accustomed’, alimony tries to correct the incomes of the partners so they are able to approximate, as best potential, their past lifestyle.
Future fiscal prospects of the parties – A partner who will realize substantial income in the foreseeable future will probably must pay higher alimony than one who’s not.
Health of the parties – Poor health goes towards need, and potentially an inability to support oneself. The courts do not want to leave one party indigent.
Fault in marital breakdown – In U.S. states where fault is recognized, fault can considerably change alimony, growing, reducing or even nullifying it. Many U.S. states are ‘no-fault’ states, where one does not need to reveal error to get divorced. No-fault divorce spares the spouses the acrimony of the ‘fault’ processes, and shuts the eyes of the court to all improper behaviour that is spousal. Nevertheless , in Georgia a man who has an affair that triggers the divorce is just not entitled to alimony.
Sex of the recipient – Generally speaking, females may be more prone to be granted alimony than males because, historically, males made more money than females, partially due to having had fewer gaps in employment.
In the United States family laws and precedents as they relate to divorce, alimony and community property change depending on state law. Also, with new family models, “working couples”, “working wives”, “stay at home fathers”, etc. there are scenarios where some parties to a divorce question whether conventional economic allocations made in a divorce are rational and equitable to the facts of their individual case. Some groups have proposed various types of legislation to reform alimony parameters (i.e. quantities and term). Alimony provisions are among the most frequent dilemmas causing litigation. Eighty percent of divorce cases involve a request for adjustment of alimony.