A corporation is a legal entity that is created under the laws of a state designed to establish the entity as a separate legal entity having its own privileges and liabilities distinct from those of its members. There are many different forms of corporations, most of which are used to conduct business. Early corporations were established by charter (i.e. by an ad hoc act passed by a parliament or legislature). Most jurisdictions now allow the creation of new corporations through registration.
An important (but not universal) contemporary feature of a corporation is limited liability. If a corporation fails, shareholders normally only stand to lose their investment and employees will lose their jobs, but neither will be further liable for debts that remain owing to the corporation’s creditors.
Despite not being natural persons, corporations are recognized by the law to have rights and responsibilities like natural persons (“people”). Corporations can exercise human rights against real individuals and the state, and they can themselves be responsible for human rights violations. Corporations are conceptually immortal but they can “die” when they are “dissolved” either by statutory operation, order of court, or voluntary action on the part of shareholders. Insolvency may result in a form of corporate ‘death’, when creditors force the liquidation and dissolution of the corporation under court order, but it most often results in a restructuring of corporate holdings. Corporations can even be convicted of criminal offenses, such as fraud and manslaughter.
This Incorporation Package includes all forms needed to form a corporation in your state and a step by step guide to the incorporation process. The package also includes forms needed after incorporation, such as minutes, notices, and by-laws. Items Included: Steps to Incorporate, Articles or Certificate of Incorporation, By-Laws, Organizational Minutes, Annual Minutes, Notices, Resolutions, Stock Transfer Ledger, Simple Stock Certificate, IRS Form SS-4 to Apply for Tax Identification Number, and IRS Form 2553 to Apply for Subchapter S Tax Treatment.