What is a legal document?
According to the dictionary, a legal document is a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right. It is synonymous with a legal instrument, official document, instrument document, papers, written document or writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature).
What are some common legal documents?
articles of incorporation – a legal document that creates a corporation; it is filed with a state by the founders of a corporation and is governed by the laws of the state
derivative instrument, derivative – a financial instrument whose value is based on another security
negotiable instrument - an unconditional order or promise to pay an amount of money
passport – a document issued by a country to a citizen allowing that person to travel abroad and re-enter the home country
ship’s papers – official papers which a ship is legally required to have; related to ownership, cargo, etc.
manifest - a customs document listing the contents put on a ship or plane
debenture – a certificate or voucher acknowledging a debt
power of attorney – a legal instrument authorizing someone to act as the grantor’s agent
letters of administration – legal document naming someone to administer an estate when no executor has been named
letters testamentary - a legal document from a probate court or court officer informing you of your appointment as executor of a will and empowering you to discharge those responsibilities
work papers, work permit, working papers – a legal document giving information required for employment of certain people in certain countries
act, enactment – a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body
law - legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity; “there is a law against kidnapping”
bill, measure - a statute in draft before it becomes law; “they held a public hearing on the bill”
brief, legal brief – a document stating the facts and points of law of a client’s case testament, will – a legal document declaring a person’s wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
living will - a document written by someone still legally capable requesting that he should be allowed to die if subsequently severely disabled or suffering terminal illness; “after he discovered he had AIDS he drew up a living will”
deed, deed of conveyance, title – a legal document signed and sealed and delivered to effect a transfer of property and to show the legal right to possess it; “he signed the deed”; “he kept the title to his car in the glove compartment”
assignment - the instrument by which a claim or right or interest or property is transferred from one person to another
deed of trust, trust deed - a written instrument legally conveying property to a trustee often used to secure an obligation such as a mortgage or promissory note
conveyance – document effecting a property transfer
income tax return, return, tax return – document giving the tax collector information about the taxpayer’s tax liability; “his gross income was enough that he had to file a tax return”
license, permit, licence – a legal document giving official permission to do something
letters patent, patent - an official document granting a right or privilege
judgement, legal opinion, opinion, judgment - the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; “opinions are usually written by a single judge”
acquittance, release - a legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation judicial writ, writ – (law) a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer
authorisation, authorization, mandate - a document giving an official instruction or command
affidavit – written declaration made under oath; a written statement sworn to be true before someone legally authorized to administer an oath
written agreement - a legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
bill of indictment, indictment – a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense
impeachment - a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
arraignment – a legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment law, jurisprudence – the collection of rules imposed by authority; “civilization presupposes respect for the law”; “the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order”
What legal documents are relevant to Alabama?
There are a number of laws and regulations which are specific to the state of Alabama. There is a basic separation of powers similar to the United States as whole which comprises the main law making bodies of the United States. The Alabama Senate is composed of 35 Senators, in keeping with Article IV, Section 50, of the Alabama Constitution, which limits the Alabama House of Representatives to 105 members, and the Senate to 35; together with Article IX, Sections 197 and 198, which requires that membership in the Senate consist of not less than one-fourth, nor more than one-third, of the total membership of the House of Representatives. These sections also allow for additional representation, in the event that new counties are created. Thus, the Alabama Senate is precisely one-third the size of the House of Representatives, and each Senator represents a district of approximately 125,000 Alabamians.
Under Article IV, Section 47 of the Constitution, Senators must be at least 25 years of age at the time of their election, must be citizens and residents of the State of Alabama for at least 3 years, and reside within their district for at least one year prior to election.
Alabama is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in total land area and ranks second in the size of its inland waterways. The state ranks 23rd in population with 4.7 million residents in 2009.
From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many Southern states, suffered economic hardship, in part because of continued dependence on agriculture. Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature until the 1960s, while urban interests and African Americans were under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama experienced growth as the economy of the state transitioned from agriculture to diversified interests in heavy manufacturing, mineral extraction, education, and technology. In addition, the establishment or expansion of multiple military installations, primarily those of the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, added to state jobs.
Alabama is unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is also known as the “Heart of Dixie.” The state tree is the Longleaf Pine, the state flower is the Camellia. The capital of Alabama is Montgomery. The largest city by population is Birmingham. The largest city by total land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists.